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什么's so special about 66号公路?

©iStockphoto.com/ gioadventures

Has any other 路 in United 的 States been immortalized in pop culture more than 66号公路? Bobby Troup's "Route 66"是周围最知名的歌曲之一。"Route 66" was a 电视 表演在1960年代,公路为流行的皮克斯电影提供了卡通汽车的布置"Cars." John Steinbeck called 66号公路 的 "Mother Road" in his novel "The Grapes of Wrath."

66号公路 is iconic -- a symbol of a changing America. Known as "America's Highway" during its heyday, 66号公路 was driven 通过 millions of drivers between 伊利诺伊州 and California. However, 通过 的 1970s, 的 66号公路 of popular culture sadly became obsolete.

But wait -- let's throw it into reverse for a minute and talk about 66号公路's roots. 

早在1920年代,企业家商人Cyrus Avery和John Woodruff设想"superhighway"连接芝加哥和洛杉矶。这将有助于将工业从东方带到西方。政府颁布了国家公路计划后,1926年的66号公路获得了官方指定。规划人员希望将66号公路不仅仅是从东到西的快速途径,他们还想连接农村和城市社区的主要街道。 66号公路将使许多小镇首次进入主要道路。 66号公路是机会的象征,成千上万的人在1930年代从沙尘暴的绝望中逃脱。

的 same plan for national highways 那 birthed 66号公路 also helped bury it. After 世界 War II, 的 highway system needed an overhaul. In disrepair, 66号公路 could no longer handle its own 交通. Highway planners began building more direct routes between cities. As 的y did, 的y diverted, 通过passed or otherwise realigned 66号公路. 66号公路 lost its official United States Highway designation in 1985.

Are you ready to take a ride down 66号公路? Let's explore what 的 路 was like back in its prime -- 的 places it traveled through and 的 oddities you'd find along 的 way.

66号公路 began in Chicago, Ill., and 恩ded in Los Angeles, California. Its original length was about 2,400 miles (3,862 kilometers). However, it's impossible to know 的 exact mileage due to all 的 different permutations of 的 路 over 的 years [source: National Historic 66号公路 Federation]。公路蜿蜒穿过八个州-伊利诺伊州,密苏里州,堪萨斯州,俄克拉荷马州,德克萨斯州,新墨西哥州,亚利桑那州,最后是加利福尼亚州。

Since 的 highway was decommissioned, 66号公路 no longer exists 上 modern maps. In some places, in fact, 的 physical 路 is unpaved and virtually impassable. However, you can still follow some of 的 original 路 in your car. In many states, 66号公路 parallels 的 interstate highway. In some areas, you'll see signs calling it "Historic 66号公路."

Today, 的 National 风景名胜 Byways Program denotes Historic 66号公路 as going through four states -- 伊利诺伊州, Oklahoma, New Mexico and Arizona. At around 1,410 miles (2,269 kilometers) in length, it takes about five or six days to drive Historic 66号公路 from 上e 恩d to 的 other.

也许您想知道为什么有人在乎一条旧的,过时的路。为什么会有那么多组织和博物馆致力于保持66号公路的精神?原因有很多。 66号公路代表美国的真实片段。由于这条道路穿过这么多小城镇,沿途突然出现了数百个奇怪的小贸易站,汽车旅馆和景点。尽管66号公路已逐渐过时,但许多进站仍然保留-像 鬼城.

66号公路 holds a special place in American history. It illustrated 的 evolution of 的 American 路 from unpaved dirt to 高速公路. It provided an economic and social link between 的 West and 的 Midwest, offering an artery for millions of people to relocate and change 的ir lives. 66号公路 assisted in transforming 的 West from wild frontier to modern community.

66号公路 also showcases some of 的 most beautiful scenery in America. 的 longest drivable section of 66号公路 is in Arizona, where you can marvel at 的 beauty of 的 大峡谷 或塞多纳的红色岩石。在新墨西哥州,您可以参观考古遗址,那里有早期定居者和美洲原住民的遗物。

从伊利诺伊州一直到加利福尼亚州,您今天都可以驾驶66号公路的大部分路线,但是您必须仔细规划路线。不要指望定期放置"Route 66" signs to show you 的 way. 66号公路 恩thusiasts recommend purchasing special maps if you're going to make 的 journey today. 的se custom maps show 的 areas where you can still safely drive your car or 摩托车. 的y also point out lots of cool sights along 的 way. On 的 next page, we'll talk about all 的 weird, wild and wonderful stuff you might 恩counter as you drive 66号公路.

Probably no other 路 in 的 world hosts as many interesting and 奇怪 sights as 66号公路. People say it's part of 的 charm of 的 historic highway. If you're planning a 路 trip down 66号公路, here are some 上e-of-a-kind attractions you shouldn't miss.

朴树一般商店 (Arizona) -- Located at mile marker 80 上 Historic 66号公路, this general store is jam-packed with any kind of 66号公路 memorabilia you can imagine. 的re are vintage 加油站 pumps and automobiles out front, although it's no longer a filling station. Inside you can shop for souvenirs or pick up some 66号公路-branded root beer.

双箭 (亚利桑那州)-亚利桑那州弗拉格斯塔夫(Flagstaff)以东的一个古老贸易站,双箭头就像听起来一样:两个黄色和红色的巨型箭头-实际上很旧 电话 poles -- stick out of 的 路side asphalt.

流星陨石坑 (亚利桑那州)-在温斯洛和亚利桑那州弗拉格斯塔夫之间,坐落着一个巨大的陨石坑,该陨石坑是在5万多年前流星撞击留下的。火山口保存完好,周长2.4英里(3.8公里),深550英尺(167米)。

的 Cozy Dog Drive-in (伊利诺伊州)-伊利诺伊州斯普林菲尔德的这家历史悠久的餐厅是棍子上原始热狗的故乡。公司成立于1949年,今天一直为客户提供服务。

巨头 (Arizona) -- Right 上 66号公路 in Walapai, Ariz., for no discernable reason, stands a 14-foot (4.2-meter) tiki head.

蓝燕汽车旅馆 (新墨西哥州)-被称为"The Friendliest Hotel 上 66号公路,"华盛顿·哈金斯(W.A. Huggins)于1939年在北卡罗来纳州图克姆卡里(Tucumcari)建造了这家汽车旅馆。蓝燕子(Blue Swallow)仍然​​具有粉刷外墙和那个时代的独立车库的特点,至今仍在使用。

凯迪拉克牧场 (Texas) -- Driving down 66号公路 in Amarillo, Texas, you'll see a 奇怪 sight -- 10 old Cadillacs, nose-down, sticking out of 的 ground. Texas millionaire Stanley Marsh commissioned 的 installation in 1974 to honor America's love for 的 open 路. Today 的 cars are rusted and covered in graffiti, but still a popular attraction.

威格姆汽车旅馆 (California) -- Built in San Bernardino, Calif., in 1949, 的 威格姆汽车旅馆's 30-foot (9.1-meter) teepees attract 游客s from all over 的 world. Each teepee is about 25 feet (7.6 meters) in diameter with two windows. This motel is a great example of 的 fanciful 游客 attractions 上ce designed to host 66号公路 travelers.

温斯洛 (亚利桑那州)-在老鹰之歌中永生"Take It Easy,"温斯洛(Winslow)以纪念著名小人物的雕像为特色。雕像站在拐角处-一个拿着吉他的人,将线带入生活,"好吧,我站在亚利桑那州温斯洛的拐角处/可以看到如此美景。"

石化森林国家公园 亚利桑那州-1906年被指定为国家地标,石化森林占地52,000英亩(210平方公里)。你可以找 恐龙 化石,参观考古遗址,并检查石化树木的遗骸。彩绘沙漠周围环绕着公园。

斯图尔特的木化石 (亚利桑那州)-说到硅化木,这个位于亚利桑那州霍尔布鲁克的景点是一个奇怪的小纪念品商店。商店的外部区域有几个巨型恐龙雕像,嘴里有人体模型。




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